A Study for Developing a Training Package on Distance Supervision for Supervisors, Office of Non-Formal and Informal Education Promotion

Waralee Thongkaew, Sumalee Sungsri, Sareepan Supawan


The aim of this research was to study for developing a training package on distance supervision for supervisors under the Office of Non Formal and Informal Education Promotion, Specifically, objectives of the research were to study 1) current modes for distance supervision as employed in Thailand and other countries, 2) obstacles found in present supervision practices, and 3) methods for developing a suitable training package for distance supervision. This survey research was conducted making use of pertinent literature and collecting data from concerned parties. The first phase of the research involved studying and analyzing theories and research reports associated with local distance supervision and abroad. The second phase of the research was to study problems found in supervision activities and to investigate ways to develop a training package for distance supervision. The sampling population comprised 176 individuals who were in charge of supervision work in various capacities namely supervisors, directors or deputy directors, and related personnel. Multi-stage sampling technique was utilized for sampling purpose.  Instruments used in the study were interview questions and questionnaires.  Frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation figures were derived from data analysis. Results of the study were as follows: 1) There were 10 agencies responsible for distance supervision in Thailand. Synchronous and asynchronous media such as Line, Facebook, email, and web sites were used.  Five agencies in other countries were found to employ distance supervision using synchronous and asynchronous media such as BlackBoard, Illuminate Live, WebCT and Adobe Connect. 2) Current obstacles found in distance supervision were mainly inadequate number of supervisors to handle the supervision work and that supervision activities were not continuously carried out. 3) In regard to methods for developing a training package for distance supervision, it was concluded that a suitable package should consist of data concerning a) objectives, b) curriculum content, c) media that can present texts, visuals, animation or video and audio, d) training activities, e) an appropriate internet-based interaction system to be used by those who served as supervisors and the target group receiving the supervision, and f) assessment.

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